In the earliest oral history, the Algonquins say they migrated from the Atlantic coast. Together with other Anishinaabe, they arrived at the “First Stopping Place” near Montreal. While the other Anishinaabe peoples continued their journey up the St. Lawrence River, the Algonquins settled along the Kitcisìpi (Ottawa River), a long-important highway for commerce, cultural exchange and transportation. Algonquin identity, though, was not fully realized until after the dividing of the Anishinaabe at the “Third Stopping Place”. Scholars have used the oral histories, archeology, and linguistics to estimate this took place about 2000 years ago, near present-day Detroit. They came from the East! Across the Atlantic Ocean. This is what academics will not speak of. All Algonquians will tell you they crossed the great water from the rising sun, entered the saint lawrence river and broke into tribes as they sailed along its meandering course until they reached the great lakes region. the majority of algonquians live in canada today. they are 25 to 40% haplogroup x.
The Algonkian Tribes
Massasoit meets with the colonists
Massasoit, sachem of the Wampanoag tribe and father of Metacomet, meets with settlers. The Wampanoag helped the settlers survive their first winter by providing them with much needed supplies. But as more and more colonists arrived in New England, their relationship began to deteriorate.
When the British set foot on the North American continent at Jamestown, they encountered the Powhatan Indians. The Pequots and Narragansetts lived in New England as the Pilgrims and Puritans established a new home. William Penn encountered the Leni Lenape natives while settling “Penn’s Woods.”
Although these tribes have great differences, they are linked linguistically. All of these tribes (or nations) speak an Algonquin language. These Algonkian (or Algonquian) groups were the first the English would encounter as these early settlements began to flourish.
Algonkian or Algonquian
Which word is correct? When anthropologists classified Native American languages, they took all of the languages of the same language family as the Algonkin tribe (also called the Algonquin tribe) and called it the Algonquian or Algonkian language family.
ALGONQUIAN and ALGONKIAN both refer to the Algonquin language or to the group of tribes that speak related dialects. Therefore, the Algonquian tribes (including the DELAWARE, the NARRAGANSETTS, the PEQUOT, and the Wampanoag) are so called because they all speak the Algonkin or Algonquin language.
Lenni-Lenape Native Americans
The group of Native Americans that lived in Pennsylvania and the surrounding area before European settlement referred to themselves as Lenni-Lenape. It was the Europeans who called them Delaware.
The Algonkians relied as much on hunting and fishing for food as working the land. These tribes used canoes to travel the inland waterways. The BOW AND ARROW brought small and large game, and the SPEAR generated ample supplies of fish for the Algonkian peoples. Corn and SQUASH were a few of the CROPS that were cultivated all along the eastern seaboard.
Great Swamp Massacre
This painting, by Tall Oak of the Narragansett tribe, depicts a scene from King Philip’s War which pitted Metacomet against the British settlers.
As the first group to encounter the English, the Algonkians became the first to illustrate the deep cultural misunderstandings between British settlers and Native Americans. British Americans thought Algonquian women were oppressed because of their work in the fields. Algonkian men laughed at the British men who farmed — traditionally work reserved for females. Hunting was a sport in England, so British settlers thought the Algonkian hunters to be unproductive.
The greatest misunderstanding was that of land ownership. In the minds of the Algonkians selling land was like selling air. Eventually this confusion would lead to armed conflict.
The Powhatan Confederacy
The POWHATAN organized a confederacy. Virginians were met with strong resistance as they plunged westward. In New England, WAMPANOAGS under the leadership of METACOMET fought with Puritan farmers over the encroachment west onto Indian land. The pacifist Quakers were notable exceptions. Pennsylvania refused to raise a militia against the Indians for as long as Quakers dominated the government.
Unfortunately, the good times between the groups were few. The marriage of POCAHONTAS to JOHN ROLFE and the first THANKSGIVING with the Puritans did little to prevent the fighting. In most cases, each side regarded the other with fear and suspicion.
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